Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America. Canada’s population is approximately 37,067,011. It is a bilingual country – English and French are the official languages and it uses the metric system of measurement. Canada has a parliamentary democracy and a federal system while remaining part of the Constitutional Monarchy. Canada obtained Confederation on July 1, 1867 (Canada Day) and in 1982, severed its colonial ties with the UK.
Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world’s second-largest country by total area.
Canada’s southern border with the United States is the world’s longest bi-national land border. Canada boasts the longest coastline in the world and contains more freshwater lakes than every other country in the world combined! As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated and its population is highly urbanized, with over 80 percent of its inhabitants concentrated in cities, mostly near the southern border. Its capital is Ottawa, and its largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, Calgary and Vancouver. Canada’s climate varies widely across its vast area, ranging from arctic weather in the north, to hot summers in the southern regions, with four very distinct seasons
Canada occupies much of the continent of North America. Canada stretches from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west; to the north lies the Arctic Ocean.
By total area (including its waters), Canada is the second-largest country in the world but by land area alone, however; Canada ranks fourth. Of Canada’s thirteen provinces and territories, only two are landlocked (Alberta and Saskatchewan) while the other eleven all directly border one of three oceans.
Canada consists of eight distinct forest regions, including extensive boreal forest on the Canadian Shield. Canada has over 2,000,000
lakes—563 greater than 100 km2—containing much of the world’s fresh water. There are also fresh-water glaciers in the Canadian Rockies and the Coast Mountains.
Occupying the northern half of the North American continent, Canada is known for its natural beauty – few nations in the world can boast anything close to its wealth of forests, lakes and mountains – and for its multicultural diversity. The country has official bilingual status, with English and French used concurrently in government and official documents.
It’s also known for its sparse population (despite being the world’s second-largest country, it has a population smaller than that of California) and for its harsh winters. In some parts of Canada, snow covers the ground for almost half the year!
Canada has a diverse climate. The climate varies from temperate on the West coast to a subarctic climate in the North.
Average winter and summer high temperatures across Canada vary from region to region. Winters can be harsh in many parts of the country, especially in the interior provinces, where daily average temperatures are near −15°C, but can drop below −40°C plus severe wind chills.
In non-coastal regions, snow can cover the ground for almost six months of the year, while in parts of the North snow can persist year-round. The West coast has a temperate climate, with a mild and rainy winter.
What do they say about Saskatchewan? Hard to spell, easy to draw – eh?
Saskatchewan has two major cities: Regina is Saskatchewan’s second largest city and is also the capital of Saskatchewan. Saskatoon is Saskatchewan’s largest city and is centrally located within the province.
Some of the most beautiful national parks in Canada, landmarks in First Nations history, and wonderful outdoor adventures create the attractions in Saskatchewan. There are numerous heritage and cultural enticements in the province and two National Parks.
There are also National Historic Sites operated by Parks Canada in Saskatchewan. There are 39 provincial parks and 60 regional ones. Saskatchewan is home to multiple purple sand beaches plus the Athabasca Sand Dunes are a hidden gem – the largest set of active sand dunes in Canada. The sky here is frequently alive with beautiful displays.
Saskatchewan has Canada’s very own dead sea — the saltwater lake of Little Manitou. This distinctive lake is filled with briny water that has natural skin and body care properties, not unlike the Dead Sea. The salt density in the water is so high that when you lay back, you literally float.
Saskatoon is a picturesque city in central Saskatchewan, elevation 482 m. Incorporated in 1906, it is the largest population centre in Saskatchewan (246,375), and is the 17th largest metropolitan area in Canada.
Located in the prairies along the Trans-Canada Highway, Saskatoon is known as “Paris of the Prairies” and “Bridge City”, as the city straddles the South Saskatchewan River and at present has 9 river crossings.
Saskatoon is named after the berry of the same name, which is native to the region, and is itself derived from the Cree misâskwatômina. The city has a significant Indigenous population and several urban Reserves.
Canada is a vast country with significant cultural differences across its regions. Canada has one of the highest per-capita immigration rates in the world and proudly accounts for over 10% of the annual global refugee resettlements.
The official languages spoken in Canada are English and French. There are more than 60 Aboriginal languages spoken across the country. Canada takes great pride in it’s multiculturalism and ethnic diversity – Canadian culture exists because people accept and encourage many cultures to thrive together in our society.
There is no recognized exclusion relating to gender in the workplace and both men and women can participate in political life and enter government with equal status .
Children are required by law to attend education from the age of 6 until 16. Although parents are permitted to use physical means to discipline a child, corporal punishment not considered reasonable under Canadian law.
In 2005 same sex marriage became legal giving couples the same rights in marriage and common law unions.
You could spend a lifetime exploring Canada’s cities and towns, national parks, lakes, ocean shores and mountains. You’ll enjoy every minute of it! In fact, Canada is the second-largest country in the world. Discover all that Canada has to offer. You’ll find plenty to see and do. The possibilities are endless.